YOUR OBJECTIVE IN OUR POINT OF VIEW
ACCREDITED FOR THE TEACHING OF CRIMINOLOGY, WITH THE NUMBER 3.061 OF THE D.G. POLICE SINCE 1997
The private detective profession has had a very slow evolutionary our country. In the year 1951 the Order of the Ministry of the Interior of January 17 Regulated the activities of the so-called Private Investigation Agencies; Later, in 1981, the Order of the Ministry of the Interior was promulgated on 20 January 1981 regulated the profession of Private Detective and a Resolution of 11 May that issued instructions in execution of the previous Order; In addition, the Order of January 30, which empowered the Institute of Criminology of the University Complutense of Madrid to establish the course of Investigators Private.
With democracy in full development, at last, it regulates the profession of Private Detective through a dignified and logical element as is the Security Law Private, continuing with a Royal Decree and ending with an Order, all of it Created in the Ministry of Justice and Interior, the legislative process being as follows: Law 23/1992, of July 30, B.O.E. No 186 of 4 August 1992, Royal Decree 2,364 / 1994, of December 9, B.O.E. No 8 of 10 January 1995 and correction of Errors in B.O.E. No 20 of 24 January 1995 and the Ministerial Order of 7 July 1995 1995, B.O.E. No 169 of 17 July 1995 and correction of errors in B.O.E. No 220, Of 14 September 1995.
Finally, a Resolution of the Ministry of Justice and Interior is promulgated Dated January 19, 1996, published in the B.O.E. Of January 31 of the same year Which regulates the subjects to be taught in the Institutes of Criminology for Obtaining the title of Private Detective.
Recently the Royal Decree 123/2001, of 19 October, amending Partially the Private Security Regulation, approved by Royal Decree 2364/1994 of 9 December.
History of Private Detectives
The profession of the private investigator as we know it today did not appear in history until the 19th century (specifically in 1849), when the Scottish Allan Pinkerton was appointed first detective of the city of Chicago. Year in which he opened the first private research agency in collaboration with attorney Edward Rucker, the North-Western Police Agency, which would soon change its name to Pinkerton Agency. His motto "We Never sleep" would end up being known throughout the country. In France emerged one of the best private detectives in the world Eugene-Francois Vidocq
In Spain, on the other hand, it was not until the 20th century (specifically in 1907) that the first agency of private researchers was founded. Under the name of "La Internacional", it opened its doors in Barcelona. We know about her from the ad she published in the papers as "Big Private Detective for Secret Matters."
Subsequently, other agencies such as the "American Office" were created, also in Barcelona. Whose detective and director would make himself known on the radio, recounting events and crimes in Spain. But the biggest diffuser of the profession was R. Julibert. A Frenchman who was born in Barcelona and founded a school to train researchers in Spain.
In Madrid, around 1913, La Protectora and Oficina Internacional de Detectives emerged. Following the creation of these two agencies, the Fernández-Luna Institute was founded, which ended its days with the second republic (1931-1938).
Even so, the profession was not officially regulated and recognized until, in 1951, an order was created regulating the activities of private research agencies.
On the other hand, Eugenio Vélez-Troya was one of the main promoters, considered the first officially recognized Spanish private detective who, in addition, founded and presided, in 1958, the first National Association of Detectives of Spain. His long career and experience have led him to be considered one of the most important private researchers in the history of Spain.
In 1971 the Ordinance on agencies was completed, in agony, but to demand more requirements and police and union guarantees.
The democratic Constitution of 1978 changed the ways of seeing the detective by the power. At the end of Adolfo Suárez’s mandate, in January 1981 and under the seal of Minister Juan José rosón, two decrees of the Ministry of Education and Interior were promulgated. In the first one, the detective career in the institutes of criminology is configured in three advanced courses. In the second, licenses were granted to detectives, their assistants and annual licence renewal was avoided.
At the end of the 1970s the guild began to emerge as our social, family and political relations were liberalized. The first female detectives and hundreds of agencies emerge all over the state territory.
On the other hand, there is the improper Private Security Act of 1992. It is completed with a Regulation in 1994
In conclusion, in Spain, private detectives are the best trained in the world (they are required by law to have a university degree in private research).